Theories in Sociology

September 1, 2017

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Sociology is the survey of a society, elements of the society such as the household unit and faith, and besides the development of societal construction.


  1. Understanding Society: Sociological theories help in understanding human cognition. Sociologist focal point on how a society is structured, how every single work as a portion of a whole, how society has changed and besides predict hereafter alterations in the society. Sociological theories help people understand the society and cognition of the universe as it grows.
  1. DECISION Devising: It is impossible to do determinations impacting a community without a deep cognition of its construction, as wrongly taken determinations can impact the community and the peoples lives in the community. Undertaking jobs such as high offense rates, orgy imbibing and segregation, requires determination shapers to cognize what precisely is the job and its causes. Sociological theories provide an understanding on such affairs. Making it easier for elected representatives to happen solutions to societal jobs. This prepares the elected to be able to do determinations on their ain for the good of the community and society. Enabling them to be able to mention the state of affairs, the jobs, their causes and a really good solution, suited for all members of the community or society.
  1. CIVIC COMPETENCE: The primary intent of societal surveies is to advance civic competency. This means that through the survey of societal surveies, pupils get to larn how to do elaborate and practical determinations on state of affairss. It enables pupils to take part in societal activities such as take parting in elections, settling differences in their community. Sociological theories which are portion of societal surveies helps pupils to understand the society and how it works and how they can be portion of the society. This helps pupils to be able to take part more in activities refering their society or community. It gives them more penetration on how things in their community work and how they can be able to assist in the advancement of their community.
  1. DETERMINING INTERDEPENDENT ASPECTS: Mutuality is an component that characterizes society. Persons or organisations can non last independently, in dissimilar constructs, such as faith and the rise of an economic system, can be closely connected, as Max Weber suggested in “ The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. ” Harmonizing to professor Craig Calhoun, sociological theories are frameworks explicating how specific facets of society are linked to larger procedures.


The struggle theory emphasizes the function of force per unit area and power in bring forthing societal order. This position is gotten from the plants of Karl Max, who saw society as divided into groups that compete for societal and economic resources. Social order is maintained by domination, with power in custodies of those with greatest political, economical, and societal resources. Conflict theory is utile in understanding: war, wealth, and poorness, the rich persons and the have nots, revolutions, political discord, development, divorce, ghettos, favoritism, bias, domestic force, colza, kid maltreatment, bondage and more. Conflict theory claims that society is in a changeless struggle and competition for limited resources. This theory besides states there is aa battle between the wealthy and the hapless for scarce resources, and the construct of this theory states that there is inequality in the society and that the rich and more influencial people in the society use their richness to work the hapless in the society.

The advocate of this theory believe that the struggle has existed every bit early as the history of adult male goes. Worlds had to last off scarce resources so survival was fundamentally for the strong, the weak had no right or state in the society as it was dominated by the strong who were considered the fittest.

The Marxists states that there are two categories of people in every society: the opinion category and the capable category, harmonizing to this theory the governing category exploits the capable category because it owns and controls all agencies of distribution and production. It farther provinces that the establishments under the governing category such as the legal system and the judicial system are instruments or objects of domination over the capable category, who are topics to obey regulations that are set by the jurisprudence which is controlled by the opinion category. The two methods of development done is through beastly force normally done by constabulary and the ground forces and economic sciences. In ancient society there was merely the struggle between the maestro and the slaves, the Godheads and the helot where the helot worked really difficult and got whatever the Godheads saw fit as returns.

The societal struggle theory besides focuses on the construct of power on the portion of the rich and domination in the society and such constructs as inequality and battle for scarce agencies and resources on the portion of the hapless.

In this theory, persons and groups ins the society battle to maximise their portion of the limited resources that exist and are desired by worlds. Given that there are limited resources. The battle finally leads to conflict and competition. These battles can take to alterations in establishments and societies as different groups come into power. Marx understands human societies, in footings of struggle between societal categories, most particularly struggles in capitalist societies between those who own the agencies of economic production ( mill or farm proprietors ) and those who did non ( workers ) . Earlier, societal struggle theoretician thought that money is the agencies which creates societal Dis order. A common happening in the societal struggle theory is that different societal groups have unequal powers. Though all groups struggle for the same limited resources. This theory has been used to explicate diverse human behaviour such as educational patterns that either sustain or dispute the position quo, cultural imposts sing the aged and condemnable behaviour. Whereas most other sociological theories focus on the positive facets of society, societal struggle position focuses on the negative, conflicting and of all time altering society. Unlike the functionalist who defend the position quo, avoid societal alteration, and believe people cooperate to consequence societal order, the societal struggles theory challenges the position quo, and believe the rich and powerful people force societal order on the hapless and the weak.

The societal struggle theory provinces that groups within a capitalist society tend to interact in destructive manner, that allows no common benefits and small or no co-operation. The solution Marxism suggests to this job is that of workers revolution to interrupt the political and economic domination of the capitalist category with the purpose of rhenium forming society along the line of corporate ownership and mass democratic control.

Critics of this theory states that it places excessively much accent on the in equality on the society and leaves out the inside informations on how of import these societal categories are to each other, for illustration the rich people in the society can non construct their houses themselves, they have to trust on the labourers from the hapless people and the hapless people who are non literate plenty to work in large offices have to trust on the demands of the rich people as the beginning of their ain income. The rich people need the hapless people, merely every bit much as the hapless people need the rich people.