Assessment is a way of finding out what learning has taken place. It enables the assessor to check what level of knowledge, skills and competency the candidate has throughout the qualification or programme. It starts with the assessor sitting down with the candidate at the beginning and creating an assessment plan for each stage of the candidate’s chosen course. 1. 2 Define the key concepts and principles of assessment.
The concepts of assessment throughout the assessment process can include * Accountability: the assessor has accountability to the learner and the organisation to ensure they are carrying out their role correctly. They may also have accountability to the learner’s employer or to an awarding organisation. * Following the assessment strategy for your role to ensure you are carrying out your role correctly and working towards the required qualification. * Benchmarking: This involves comparing what is accepted standard for a particular subject against the current position of the learner’s performance.
If the learner doesn’t achieve the benchmark an evaluation will take place to plan for improvements. * Evaluation of the assessment process should always take place to inform current and future practice. * Types of assessment include initial assessment at the beginning of the course to identify the learners starting point, formative assessment is ongoing and summative is at the end. * Internal assessments can be marked by the assessor whilst external assessment is usually marked by an awarding organisation.
Progression: this should be taken into account when assessing learners, what they are going to do next. This should always be discussed with the learner to ensure they are capable of achieving their aim. * Transparency; The assessor will need to ensure that everyone is involved in the assessment process understands what is expected. The assessor will need to liaise with the learner’s organisation. The principles of assessment are rules and functions that are based on the concepts, how the assessment process is put into place. Key principles include: Continuing professional development – keeping up to date with current knowledge and competency.
Equality and diversity – ensuring all assessments activities promote equality, inclusion and diversity and represent all aspects of society. * Ethics- ensure the assessment process is honest and moral and ensures confidentiality and integrity is taken into account. * Fairness- activities should be fit for purpose, and planning, decisions and feed- back fair. * Health and safety- ensuring this is taken into account during the whole assessment process and risk assessments carried out when necessary. Motivation- encourages and supports the learner to reach their full potential at a level that is achievable to them. * Quality assurance – an integrated process ensuring assessments decisions meet the qualification standards, and assessors are carrying out their role correctly.