1. 0 INTRODUCTION The first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj spearheaded the effort for independence, leading a delegation of ministers and political leaders of Malaya (now Malaysia) in negotiations with the British in London for Merdeka, or Independence. Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba also fight toward independence by follow the order from his superior. He is a very friendly and humble in leading and implementing ideological party affiliation. 2. 0BACKGROUND 2. 1BIODATA Tun Abdul Ghafar bin Baba (18 February 1925 – 23 April 2006) is the Deputy Prime Minister under the rule of Prime Minister, Tun Dr.
Mahathir bin Mohamad. Abdul Ghafar bin Baba was appointed as the Deputy Prime Minister on 7 May 1986 until 15 October 1993. He was born in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan. He is married to Toh Puan Hajjah Asmah binti Alang and after his wife die, he marry Dayang Heryati bint Abdul Rahim in 1992, but divorced in 2003. He is blessed 11 children. Among them are former lawmakers Batu Berendam, Dato Tamrin Abdul Ghafar and youngest daughter Kartika Sri. Three children have died. 2. 2EDUCATION Tun Abdul Ghafar bin Baba received his early education at the Sekolah Melayu Kuala Pilah and Sekolah Melayu Tangga Batu , Melaka.
Then he resumed his studies at the Maktab Perguruan Sultan Idris (now Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris) in Tanjung Malim. He began his career as a teacher before turning entirely to his political career. As a student leader in the SITC, he makes the claim that student welfare is given attention by the British administrators, so that increased student allowances and as a government employee, student teachers should be subsidized Cost Of Living Allowances (COLA) and the claim is accompanied by a peaceful strike. 3. 0ASSIGNMENT BODY 3. 1TUN GHAFAR BABA IN POLITIC
Tun Ghafar Baba taking steps to fight for the fate of the nation of Malaysia, when entered politics in 1940 by joining the Kesatuan Melayu Muda (KMM) in Malacca at the age of 15 years. He was pretty confident with the role of PKMM plight of the Malays. He often attended the rally and hears lectures from PKMM figures such as Dr. Burhanuddin Al-Helmy, Ahmad Boestaman, Ishak Muhamad and others. In 1948 the British government banned PKMM (Persatuan Kebangsaan Melayu Malaya) to alleviate the threat of communism. 3. 2THE ORGANISATION OF UMNO MALACCA
When UMNO Melaka was founded in 1955 and the slogan ‘Hidup Melayu’ changed to ‘Merdeka’, many leaders of PKMM including him and Tan Sri Aishah Ghani join UMNO. Tunku notes in his book “Political Awakening” Ghafar participation and many former left-wing activist in UMNO critical enough because many senior UMNO leaders come out and join UMNO sponsored IMP Onn. 3. 3FIRST SECRETARY OF UMNO MALACCA He was appointed as the first UMNO secretary of Malacca.
At that time, the Secretary is not elected but selected. He held positions in Umno for 42 years until he resigned his position as Deputy President on 30 October 1993. . 4 EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL MEETING In 1953 the UMNO General Assembly in Malacca passed a motion that the British hold elections in 1954 to choose 4/5 of the 98 Federal Legislative Assembly (Legco). But Sir Oliver Lyttleton as Secretary of the British Government rejected the motion. Tunku directed Ghafar as party secretary of Malacca to held an Extraordinary General Meeting on 18 April 1954, at Assembly Hall Chinese / Chinese Assembly Hall and was attended by Datuk Sir Tan Cheng Lock, President and MCA representatives.
A delegation was sent to London to lobby Member of Parliament there. 3. 5MCA LEADERSHIP CRISIS 1984-1985 Ghafar was the only leader of UMNO been entrusted to lead MCA as acting president of MCA for 10 months when the Chinese-based party in crisis due to a power struggle between the president at the time, Tan Koon Swan and former president Tan Sri Dr Neo Yee Pan. When this crisis happens, Abdul Ghafar becomes Secretary-General for Barisan National. Power struggle occurred between acting president of MCA Datuk Dr Neo Yee Pan and Datuk Mak Kam Hoon by Dr Tan Koon Swan.
On March 17, 1984, Neo Yee Pan was sacked Tan Koon Swan, Lee Kim Sai, 13 leaders and some ghost members of the MCA. Tan Koon Swan is the chairman of PCA of the Federal Territory and protégé billionaire Lim Goh Tong – Genting Berhad. While Lee Kim Sai is a member of parliament of the Hulu Langat and chairman of Selangor MCA. Datuk Mak Hon Kam as the chairman of the MCA Disciplinary Committee expels 14 MCA leaders including Tan Koon Swan, Lee Kim Sai, Dr Ling Liong Sik, Datuk Kee Yong Wee, Wong Choon Wah and Datuk Wong Mook Leong. MCA members and delegates surprised with that decision.
About 1,499 delegates lodge his petition to organize EGM for quash the order of dismissal and appointment of members of the committee investigating the issue of ghosts. The internal problems of the party brought to the court to resolve. When the court implicated, only judges have jurisdiction to decide who is right and wrong. But the judge’s ruling will not satisfy all parties. On 24 November 1985, a MCA special general meeting convened to elect the party’s new leadership.
Finally Tan Koon Swan was elected president and Ling Leong Sik selected as vice president and Lee Kim Sai was chosen as Secretary-General of the party. . 0CONCLUSION A lesson from the crisis happen seems to be that nationalist aims after independence are unlikely to be static or unidirectional from primordial to instrumental. Rather, there can be an ebb and flow to nationalist emotions and concerns, often constructed, and the possible routes they follow can change over time and backtrack as well. Rather, with skillful leadership, it may be possible to arrange a form of the Malaysian “bargain” and, over time, even to pursue a civic form of national identity.