Housing and Habitability

March 12, 2019

Golden Papers

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Firstly, different types of infections to vulnerable individuals can effect if they are exposed to molds. On the other hand lead exposure can result to severe health complications, including death, although most victims demonstrate no observable signs. Lastly, when applied in treating swimming pool water, chlorine is used as disinfectant while ozone is used as a sanitization. This paper will briefly discuss the aforementioned issues.

Housing and Habitability

I. Introduction

            A certified mold and lead hazard investigator of the Health Department must be contacted by every home owner for assessment, determination and advice if mold and lead hazard is present in a house. Further, any person believing that he or she is sick from mold and lead exposure should seek the immediate advice and treatment of medical doctor.

Mold Associated Problems

Health effects linked with airborne mold exposure are toxicity and infection, respiratory and eye irritation, and allergic response. About 10 percent of the worldwide population is sensitive to one or more kinds of mold. Different types of infections to vulnerable individuals can effect if they are exposed to molds, especially to those already suffering health problems (Wisconsin DHS, 2008, n.p.).

            There is no definite number that classifies either unsafe or safe mold contact. In rare occasion, respiratory mold infection can take place (Wisconsin DHS, 2008, n.p.).Further, either through outdoor or indoor exposure, persons with asthma who are allergic to molds could have their asthma triggered.

Prevention of Mold Associated Problems

            The present regulation from professional organization and federal agencies is that mold growth in indoor settings should be managed in an appropriate manner in spite of the kind of mold. Mold will not develop unless adequate moisture is present. Therefore, the source of moisture that activates the growth of mold must be corrected. In cleaning, there must be no related odors or visible mold remain in the area. Further, debris should be removed in the source’s area.

For people with asthma, a usual health strategy is to keep away from contact by minimizing the amount of dust in the house (Wisconsin DHS, 2008, n.p.). Humidity control inside the house is as well very significant in preventing any health problems. Evacuation in reaction to mold is very rare. In due course, the assessment to vacate should rest with the resident, and based on the individual sensitivity, quantity of exposure and the recommendation of a medical doctor.

Lead Associated Problems

People may be exposed to a lead hazard if they live in old houses that have peeling paints, particularly on accessible high friction areas such as floors in play areas, stairways and windows that close and open doorsteps. Ingested lead is very deadly to infants, particularly ages six years under, and may cause long-term undesirable health effects including problems with behaviour, learning and growth (Sauk County, n.d.). Although lead exposure can result to severe health complications, including death, most victims demonstrate no observable signs.

Prevention of Lead Associated Problems

For major prevention of lead poisoning, it is recommended to permanently and completely replace or remove the lead paint before a child or anyone else lives in a house. However, for temporary measures of instant reduction of hazards involve painting over or scraping the depreciated surfaces and managing household dust (The New England Journal of Medicine, 2001, n.p.).

II. Treat Swimming Pool Water: Ozonation and Chlorination


            When chlorine gas is applied to treat swimming pools for algae and bacteria management, hydrochloric acid is generated which can lower the pH less than the needed pH range for humans. That is why it is essential to add an alkalyzer regularly to avert the pH from reducing under 7.2 (Freepatentsonline, n.d.). Care must be employed to broadly scatter the alkalyzer over the pool surface, so that the high absorption of alkalyzer does not take place in one site. However, despite all the said maintenance the disinfection effectiveness of chlorine is very much hampered by numerous water pollutants.

            Further, using swimming pool in an inadequately ventilated swimming pool has the possibility of causing illness through breathing unwanted concentrations of chloroform. Further, recent study demonstrated that transdermal uptake of chlorinated hydrocarbons can as well cause illness to the swimming pool user. This only indicated that enhanced ventilation alone will not have a key impact on contact of chlorinated water.


            Ozone gas is the strongest Oxidant used in swimming pools and is capable to annihilate bacteria and algae, dormant viruses and to oxide several inorganic and organics pollutants which are found in the water. Ozone can be used as disinfectant and purification agent of water. Ozone is also very powerful in removing the cause of turbidity and the colloidal matter in the water.

            Therefore, in essence chlorine is used as disinfectant while ozone is used as a sanitization. Ozone is proven to be the most beneficial and advanced treatment process to swimming pool water today. In contrast, chlorine compounds not only creates unnecessary swimming pool odour but are also highly irritant to the eyes and skin.


Free Patents Online (n.d.). Means and Method to Treat Swimming Pool Water. Retrieved August 23, 2008, from http://www.freepatentsonline.com/5066408.html

Sauk County. (n.d.) Indoor Air Quality. Retrieved August 23, 2008, from http://www.co.sauk.wi.us/dept/ph/EnviHealth/indoor_air_quality.htm

The New England Journal of Medicine. (2001, May 10). Primary Prevention of Childhood Lead Poisoning-The Only Solution. Retrieved August 23, 2008, from https://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/344/19/1470?ck=nck

Wisconsin Department of Health Services. (2008, February 21). Mold: Most Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved August 23, 2008, from http://dhs.wisconsin.gov/eh/HlthHaz/fs/MoldFAQs.htm